There is though, another type of IRA that has distinct differences from a traditional IRA -- it is known as a Roth IRA.  There are two main differences between a Roth IRA and a traditional IRA.

401k IRA
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Rollover Your 401k Into A Roth IRA

Roth IRA Income Limits

The first difference is that contributions to a Roth IRA are never deductible on your federal income tax return. 

Contributions though, to a traditional IRA may be deductible, depending upon your individual circumstances. The non-deduction factor obviously is a disadvantage for a Roth IRA.  The Roth IRA advantage, however, is that any distributions including earnings can be received tax-free by you if certain conditions are met. These conditions include:

■ The Roth IRA must meet a five-year aging requirement, and               
■ The distribution must be made when your age is at least
59 ½ ; or made because you are disabled; or made because of your death, or
■ The distribution qualifies under a first time home purchase.
Most people when they consider an Individual Retirement Account (IRA) are thinking about what is known as a traditional IRA. 
Your contributions that were previously subject to income tax -- after tax contributions -- are now the tax-free portion of your rollover to your Roth IRA.

Your pre-tax contributions and any employer contributions plus any earnings will comprise the taxable portion of the rollover to your Roth IRA.

As with a traditional IRA, there are income limits for contributions to a Roth IRA.  Income for these purposes is defined as Modified Adjusted Gross Income. 

The income limits for a 2018 Roth IRA are as follows:

■ If you are married and filing a joint tax return, your Roth IRA contribution is reduced if your income is at least $189,000.  If your income is at least $199,000, you cannot make a Roth IRA contribution.

■  If you are single or claim head of household status, your Roth IRA contribution is reduced if your income is at least $120,000.  If your income is at least $135,000, you cannot make a Roth IRA contribution.
You are allowed to rollover a distribution from your 401k into a Roth IRA.  A rollover to your Roth IRA may also be used for a distribution from other qualified employee retirement plans; 403b tax sheltered annuity plans (TSA); annuity plans; and government deferred compensation plans.
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Rollover your 401k into a Roth IRA
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IRA Investments
Things you must consider before you invest your retirement money.... read more »

In a traditional IRA, the earnings are only tax-deferred which means you may pay taxes when the earnings are distributed to you. 

Also, if your traditional IRA contribution was deducted on your federal income tax return, you will be required to pay income taxes when you later withdraw from your traditional IRA.  

You also can use a Self-Directed IRA for your Roth IRA.
These rollovers, however, are subject to income tax in the year of the distribution.  You must pay income taxes on any part of the distribution that would have been subject to income taxes if you had not made the rollover to your Roth IRA. 

CD's & Bank Accounts
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IRA Mutual Funds
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Self-Directed IRA
More investment choices including real estate.

IRS Rules For Self-Directed IRAs
They are complicated but important.

Checkbook IRA LLC
Learn if you need a Checkbook LLC for your self-directed IRA.

401k Deferral Limits
How much can I contribute to my 401k?

IRA Limits   
How much can I put into my IRA and how much can I deduct on my tax return?

Roth IRA
How does a Roth IRA work and what are the income limits for my yearly contribution?

IRA Rollovers
Find out how you can take assets from one IRA and rollover tax-free to a new IRA; or make a direct tax-free transfer to the new IRA.

Small Business 401k
You can have a 401k for your small business even if you are self-employed or a sole owner.

For 2019, the joint return limit is increased to $193,000 and $203,000 respectively. The single / head of household limit is increased to $122,000 and $137,000 respectively.